Plastir Number 8 – 09/2007

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, PLASTICITY AND TRANSDISCIPLINARITY : A POSSIBLE TRANSDISCIPLINARITY CHAIR IN THE UNIVERSITIES

Mariana LACOMBE LOISEL, coordinator of the Faculty of Philosophy of the Monastery of Saint Benoit in São Paulo in Brazil, Marc-Williams DEBONO, neurobiologist, writer, president of PSA (France); Patrick LOISEL, professor at the Sherbrooke University and director of the CAPRIT (Centre of action in prevention and readjustment for the incapacity at work) in Canada, Paul GHILS, teaching at the High School of Brussels (Belgium), editor in chief of the review of the union of international associations and of the e-review Cosmopolis published in Agora Encyclopaedia (Quebec), Ubiratan D’AMBROSIO, emeritus professor of mathematics of the Estadual University of Campinas, Unicamp in Brazil, founder of ethnomathematics and author of many works. This collective article is the first one in PSA. It results, on the initiative of Mariana Lacombe, from the second world congress of transdisciplinary organized by the CIRET at Vitoria (Brazil) in 2005 and whish to contribute to open the way towards future chairs of transdisciplinarity around the world. This paper present a pool of knowledge articulating for the first time plasticity and transdisciplinarity The philosophical thinking which is presented carries a new glance on the scientific practice, its stakes, its confessed or secret purposes, its operating mode. It proposes praxeologic models aiming to better transfer knowledge and to prevent the epistemological consequences of the rise to power of sciences and technologies. Lastly, it stresses new attitudes to be developed with respect to the third, ethics, the « alterlogic », the modes of transcultural exchanges and human plasticity. Iconography by Chantal WALKER.

TEMPORAL UBIQUITY AND GEOGRAPHIC IMAGINARY – VOYAGE IN THE CENTER OF THE EARTHG… AND THROUGH TIME –

Lionel DUPUY is a geographer and is in charge of « Arts and Culture » projects at the national centre of teaching and documentation of Pau (France). It wrote several books or papers on the work of Jules Verne. We already published in Plastir n°6 its in-depth study on the inter- and intrasemioticity in the work of Jules Verne. He invites us in this issue of Plastir to rediscover « Voyage in the centre of the ground » as much on the historical and geographical levels as on the symbolic and imaginary point of views. Thus, let us be plunged in a specific space time to this extraordinary voyage where the borders ground-sea, science-religion, reality-fiction and Axel-Lidenbrock or Iceland-Italy as symbols of two opposite worlds are as many clear signs of a temporal ubiquity which wanted to embrace the entire universe.

MUSICAL SYNTAX AND PLASTICITY SINCE 1945 : NEW TECHNOLOGIES, NEW WRITINGS

Nicolas DARBON is a musicologist and researcher associated to the CNRS, Institut of Aesthetics, Arts and Technologies (IDEAT, Paris I). He teaches at the college of Montfort-on-Risle, at the IUFM of the University of Rouen where he co-directs the department of Design and realization of Cultural Projects (CMOPC). He is also the president of the editions Millénaire III. Among its last books: Musics of Chaos and Musica Multiplexing: dialogical of the simple and the complex prefaced by Edgar Morin. He directs the workshop n° 37 of the association APC-MCX entitled « Complexity in work, music, musicology, alive spectacle » where its new transdisciplinary approaches of musicology are developed. In this very interesting paper, he makes us penetrate the mysteries of the musical syntax, the contemporary creation and the sound plasticity while developing a transdisciplinary approach of thought and musical productions in gestation, of their polymorphic relations to chaos and with a new form of complexity. Many minimalist works of art, electroacoustics, graphs or improvisation are described through this point of view. Nicolas Darbon also invites us to live the progressive disappearance of musical syntax, of the sign to the profit of sound plasticity registered in the drawings, the non musical symbols or calligraphies of many contemporary musicians « One passes from the writing to pure figure », dixit the author who shows, evidence with the support, this metamorphosis towards a plasticity which questions the matter directly: « the musical form is considered more and more by the musicians, not like architectics but like a palpable matter: glissandi, clouds of sounds, moving textures…

COLLECTIVE INTELLLIGENCE BY THE TALES – HOW TO CREATE TOGETHER FROM THE WHOLE POSSIBLE ?

Marie-Noëlle TOURNEMAIN & Jean-Pascal DEBAILLEUL take us along the universe of the tale, not with the single aim poetize, but in that to give birth to collisions between readers and especially actors of the tale in gestation. In fact, like writes the journalist Marie-Noëlle Tournemain, Jean-Paul Debailleul who is at the same time editor, advertising executive, trainer or consultant is « a tireless collector of truth ». Carrying out all the interest and the stake of a real taking into account of the collective intelligence in the group and the society, he developed a new approach making possible « to marry the marvellous one and the collective intelligence », in order to put meaning and poetry where they do not appear at the first glance. La voie des contes: blog of the authors.

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